Worldwide, a trillion single-use plastic bags are used each year, nearly 2 million each minute.
The amount of energy required to make 12 plastic shopping bags could drive a car for a mile.
City, state, and national governments around the world are trying to limit plastic bag litter and waste with bans and fees.
The oldest existing plastic bag tax is in Denmark, passed in 1993. Danes use very few light-weight single-use plastic bags: about 4 per person each year.
Why are more and more states beginning to ban plastic bag? One-time use plastic bags are causing destruction throughout the world. These non-biodegradable bags are responsible for unsightly litter, flooding, the degradation of soil, creating an unnecessary expense, wasting petroleum (a non-renewable resource), and causing the deaths of hundreds of thousands of animals a year.
Items like plastic packaging, bags and bottles are thrown away every day, and end up in trash sites as well as in forests, creeks, rivers, seas, and oceans around the world. While some of these items are recycled, the growth of plastic consumption and its improper disposal currently outpace efforts to recycle and produce post-consumer plastic materials.
Every square mile of ocean has 46,000 pieces of plastic floating in it. That is why over a million sea birds, whales, seals, dolphins, sea turtles, and so on die from plastic debris that ends up in our oceans and seas. 100,000 sharks are also part of the death toll. As a heartbreaking video of Midway shows us, plastic ends up inside these animals (especially birds), which can lead to their deaths. The impact of plastic pollution in our oceans and ecosystems creates chaos for the environment.
In addition to not breaking down fast, plastic materials also break down dangerously. A lot of plastic already contains toxins, such as phthalates, BPA and flame retardants. And as plastic breaks down, it can absorb many dangerous toxins more easily, such as damaging pesticides like DDT, PCB and PAH.
The production of plastic for the U.S. alone uses 331 billion barrels of petroleum, equal to 5 percent of the national consumption of petroleum. Petroleum production and its use plays a harmful role in polluting the environment, as its use contaminates the water and air.
There are so many ways to help reduce the impact of plastic on the environment. By reducing our use with reusable bags at grocery stores, or using mugs or travel tumblers for our next to-go cup of coffee, we can greatly reduce our every day use of disposed plastic products. We can also take it to the next level, by engaging with our communities to clean up our local environment, as well as pressuring local governments to ban or tax the use of plastic bags. Ireland reduced its plastic bag use by 90% by introducing at 37 cent tax!
Rwanda has been plastic bag free since 2008. The country completely banned plastic bags when other countries around the world started imposing taxes on plastic bags. Offenders smuggling plastic bags can even face jail time. But you won't see plastic bags floating around streets, hanging from trees, and plugging up drains in Rwanda today.
Rwanda prohibited shops from giving away plastic bags to their customers in 2004. In 2008, Rwanda completely banned plastic bags as part of its Vision 2020 plan for sustainability, though there is a lucrative black market for the now banned product. The Rwandan government gave tax breaks for companies to recycle instead of manufacture plastic bags, and created a new market for environmentally friendly bags. The lack of plastic bags has made Rwandan cities such as Kigali cleaner.
There is no national plastic bag fee or ban currently in effect in the United States. However, the state of California and the territories of American Samoa and Puerto Rico have banned disposable bags. Over 200 counties and municipalities have enacted ordinances either imposing a fee on plastic bags or banning them outright, including all counties in Hawaii. Other attempts at banning plastic shopping bags statewide (for example in Massachusetts) have not succeeded mainly due to plastic industry lobbying. A few jurisdictions have chosen to implement a fee-only approach to bag reduction by imposing a tax or a fee, such as Washington, D.C. and adjacent Montgomery County, Maryland.Some US states, such as Florida and Arizona, have passed laws prohibiting bans on plastic bags statewide in order to prevent local municipalities from passing their own bans.
In 2002, India banned the production of plastic bags below 20 µm in thickness to prevent plastic bags from clogging of the municipal drainage systems and to prevent the cows of India ingesting plastic bags as they confuse it for food. However, enforcement remains a problem.
In 2016, Sikkim, India's first fully organic state, banned the use of not only packaged drinking water bottles in any government meetings or functions but also food containers made from polystyrene foam all over the state.
Himachal Pradesh was the first state to ban plastic bags less than 30 µm. The Karnataka state became first state to ban all forms of plastic carry bags, plastic banners, plastic buntings, flex, plastic flags, plastic plates, plastic cups, plastic spoons, cling films and plastic sheets for spreading on dining tables irrespective of thickness including the above items made of thermacol and plastic which uses plastic micro beads. The state of Goa has banned bags up to 40 µm thick, while the city of Mumbai bans bags below a minimum thickness to
50 µm.The draft rules, namely the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2015 were published by the Government of India vide G.S.R. 423(E), dated the 25th May, 2015 in the Gazette of India, inviting public objections and suggestions. The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 aim to:
All types of plastic bags are banned in India's capital .
Bhutan experienced increasing plastic waste generation; therefore Bhutan banned plastics in 1999 and reinforced the ban in 2005 and 2009 with an aim to reduce the plastic waste. Though the use of plastic bag is implemented, it did not seem to achieve the goal because plastics are still in use even in 2014 in Bhutan. The strategy of banning plastic bags to reduce plastic waste did not work in Bhutan and several countries around the world. Even after reinforcement of plastic ban, plastic waste remained a growing concern in urban areas like Thimphu (Bhutan Broadcasting Service, 2013).
Last update on September 07, 2017
"Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all."
Education makes a man. It is something we all strive for.Without education, a man is not a man but a wild beast.One can never bask in the resplendent rays of rapture and recognition in this macrocosm until and unless one fathoms his lessons well.
The true test of a complete, pure edification can be conducted only in the battles of life which pull a man down. And we, here at Cambridge have witnessed such paramount and persuasive methodologies which are fully utilised to whet prodigious personalities, sensible scholars, wondrous wizards and incessant scholars.
Cambridge International School, contrived under the perfect plan of Learning Wings Education Systems (LWES) is indeed a venture par excellence. The building of the school is an architectural masterpiece. Lush greenery, large playgrounds,commodious classrooms,exquisite laboratories, splendid sports rooms, un-paralleld libraries, All add to the charm of the school.The transportation facilities provided by the school are also exemplary.
Furthermore,the school has been effusing bountiful beams of enlightenment over all its students for a nubmer of years now.The school is committed to nurturing all aspects of a child- physical, social, emotional and intellectual. A balanced education is yielded to all its students by helping them to excel in the fields of academics, sports, arts and service. Confidence to face the world without any fears illuminates the face of each and every Cambridgian.
The Cambridge team accentuates learning outside the box.mThe students are emboldened to be passionate for knowledge and genuinely revel in all of their tasks. The main aim of the school is to develop children who are future-savvy. Learning can neither start nor end with a school but it is a perennial process which commences from the cradle and terminates at grave. And the kids here at Cambridge are being carved with such miraculous traits that when they leave school, a cataclysmic change would in-dubiously be brought wherever their footsteps would lead them.Cambridge focuses on constructing a peaceful world which has no boundaries, where all are treated as equals and whose all citizens are endowed with adroit abilities and a certain savoir-faire which will become the pillars of a flourishing economy.
The cardinal blessing of this prestigious institution lies in its teachers. These perspicacious, meritorious mentors leave no stone unturned in fostering an all-round development of their children. Totally unbiased in their outlook, they plant the seeds of creativity and independent thinking in each and every child's mind. Along with the bread earning formulae, an edification of aesthetics, morality and philanthropy is also imparted.
In nutshell, the unrelenting endeavours of the Cambridge family towards generating a stream of a healthy spirit of reverence, resourcefulness, spontaneity, innovativeness, exploration and teamwork are worth an encomium. To add to its laurels, it also deserves a huge round of applause for its dedicated service to humanity by actively taking steps to form a society gleaming with love, unity and compassion.
Last update on February 14, 2017
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